Ophthalmic surveillance was performed on patients in a multicenter clinical trial testing high-dose (1000 mg daily) hydroxychloroquine for advanced non–small cell lung cancer. The US Food & Drug Administration–recommended screening protocol included only visual acuity testing, dilated fundus examination, Amsler grid testing, and color vision testing. Chloroquine disadvantages Is chloroquine toxic to cells Effects of plaquenil on the eyes Difference between hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine Intravitreal dexamethasone implant may be effective for the treatment of CMO in HCQ retinopathy, particularly for the cases refractory to systemic or topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Cystoid macular oedema CMO is an uncommon complication associated with hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy threatening central vision. Early detection of hydroxychloroquine-induced retinopathy is known to prevent visual acuity loss and serious progression after the therapy is stopped, and these data suggest that screening should. Asian patients with HCQ retinopathy typically present with a pericentral pattern of retinopathy; that is, such patients show retinal toxicity in the more peripheral retina than white patients.3, 4, 5 However, the extent of retinopathy in Asian patients or how wide the retinopathy can advance remains unclear. Out of the 7 patients having exposure of at least 6 months, 2 developed retinal toxicity (at 11 and 17 months of exposure). In patients seen at Stanford, additional sensitive screening procedures were added at the discretion of the retinal physician: high-resolution spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging, Humphrey visual field (HVF) testing, and multifocal electroretinography (mf ERG). Hydroxychloroquine-mediated retinopathy Hydroxychloroquine An old drug with new relevance, Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy Request PDF Can hydroxychloroquine be sold as brand name Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. Chloroquine - Wikipedia. Evaluation of Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy Using Ultra.. Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy AZOOR - EyeWiki. Most cases of chloroquine retinopathy have developed when a higher than currently recommended 3 mg/kg/day using lean body weight dose was used. 21 A daily dose exceeding 250 mg with a total cumulative dose between 100 and 300 g is customarily needed to produce toxicity. 22 One study showed a 19% incidence of chloroquine retinopathy in. The risk of hydroxychloroquine-mediated retinal toxicity is relatively low within the first 5–10 years of therapy when used at daily doses that do not exceed 5 mg/kg, typically 200–400 mg daily. 1 Risk is clearly a balance between daily dose and duration of use, but there are little data available on the degree to which highly elevated doses can accelerate toxicity. In patients with systemic lupus erythematosus SLE, hydroxychloroquine prevents disease flares and damage accrual and facilitates the response to mycophenolate mofetil in those with renal involvement. A study was undertaken to determine whether hydroxychloroquine also exerts a protective effect on survival.