Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials. A 4-aminoquinoline with antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, and potential chemosensitization and radiosensitization activities. Plaquenil effects on diarrhea Skin side effects of plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine prostate cancer Chloroquine sulphate uses Chloroquine sensitizes breast cancer cells to chemotherapy independent of autophagy. Maycotte P1, Aryal S, Cummings CT, Thorburn J, Morgan MJ, Thorburn A. Chloroquine CQ is a 4-aminoquinoline drug used for the treatment of diverse diseases. Aug 23, 2018 Autophagy is receiving a lot of attention for the role it may play in preventing or treating cancer, too. “Autophagy declines as we age, so this means cells that no longer work or may do harm. Kinase AMPK, can induce autophagy in cancer cells. The induction of autophagy in U251 human glioma cell line was demonstrated by acridine orange staining of intracellular acidic vesicles, Beclin 1 induction, p62 decrease and conversion of Lc3-i to autophagosome-associated L c3-ii in the presence of proteolysis inhibitors. This agent may also interfere with the biosynthesis of nucleic acids. Although the mechanism is not well understood, chloroquine is shown to inhibit the parasitic enzyme heme polymerase that converts the toxic heme into non-toxic hemazoin, thereby resulting in the accumulation of toxic heme within the parasite. Chloroquine autophagy cancer Autophagy inhibition in cancer Clinical Trials Update Novus., Autophagy Definition, Diet, Fasting, Cancer, Benefits, and More Chloroquine for vivax malariaAtrovent and plaquenil Chloroquine enters the red blood cell by simple diffusion, inhibiting the parasite cell and digestive vacuole. Chloroquine then becomes protonated to CQ2+, as the digestive vacuole is known to be acidic pH 4.7; chloroquine then cannot leave by diffusion. Chloroquine - Wikipedia. Compound C induces protective autophagy in cancer cells.. Chloroquine sensitizes breast cancer cells to chemotherapy.. Aug 19, 2014 Chloroquine is an antimalaria drug that also suppresses tumor growth and metastasis. Chloroquine neutralizes the pH of intracellular compartments, thereby disrupting the endosomal trafficking and lysosomal function. Whereas chloroquine impairs autophagy and proliferation in tumor cells, Maes et al. found that chloroquine suppressed the growth and metastasis of melanoma by acting on tumor. Realizing that profuse activation of autophagy may contribute to pancreatic tumor growth, researchers designed an experiment in which they planned to treat the pancreatic cancer cell lines with Chloroquine, already known as inhibitor of autophagy. As a control, chloroquine was also used to treat normal cell lines with low expression of autophagy. Inhibition of autophagy using chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine has already shown promise in clinical trials and numerous other clinical trials are ongoing to determine the optimal tumors to treat.